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SY0-401 Latest Exam (Sep 2017)

[Free] 2017(Sep) EnsurePass Passguide CompTIA SY0-401 Dumps with VCE and PDF 551-560

September 20, 2017

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2017 Sep CompTIA Official New Released SY0-401
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CompTIA Security Certification

Question No: 551 – (Topic 3)

Using proximity card readers instead of the traditional key punch doors would help to mitigate:

  1. Impersonation

  2. Tailgating

  3. Dumpster diving

  4. Shoulder surfing

Answer: D Explanation:

Using a traditional key punch door, a person enters a code into a keypad to unlock the door. Someone could be watching the code being entered. They would then be able to open the door by entering the code. The process of watching the key code being entered is known as shoulder surfing.

Shoulder surfing is using direct observation techniques, such as looking over someone#39;s shoulder, to get information. Shoulder surfing is an effective way to get information in crowded places because it#39;s relatively easy to stand next to someone and watch as they fill out a form, enter a PIN number at an ATM machine, or use a calling card at a public pay phone. Shoulder surfing can also be done long distance with the aid of binoculars or other vision-enhancing devices. To prevent shoulder surfing, experts recommend that you shield paperwork or your keypad from view by using your body or cupping your hand.

Question No: 552 – (Topic 3)

Joe, a user, in a coffee shop is checking his email over a wireless network. An attacker records the temporary credentials being passed to Joe’s browser. The attacker later uses the credentials to impersonate Joe and creates SPAM messages. Which of the following attacks allows for this impersonation?

  1. XML injection

  2. Directory traversal

  3. Header manipulation

  4. Session hijacking

Answer: D Explanation:

In computer science, session hijacking, sometimes also known as cookie hijacking is the exploitation of a valid computer session-sometimes also called a session key-to gain unauthorized access to information or services in a computer system. In particular, it is used to refer to the theft of a magic cookie used to authenticate a user to a remote server. It has particular relevance to web developers, as the HTTP cookies used to maintain a session on many web sites can be easily stolen by an attacker using an intermediary computer or with access to the saved cookies on the victim#39;s computer.

Question No: 553 – (Topic 3)

Which of the following malware types may require user interaction, does not hide itself, and is commonly identified by marketing pop-ups based on browsing habits?

  1. Botnet

  2. Rootkit

  3. Adware

  4. Virus

Answer: C Explanation:

Adware is free software that is supported by advertisements. Common adware programs are toolbars, games and utilities. They are free to use, but require you to watch advertisements as long as the programs are open. Adware typically requires an active Internet connection to run.

Question No: 554 – (Topic 3)

A security administrator discovered that all communication over the company’s encrypted wireless network is being captured by savvy employees with a wireless sniffing tool and is then being decrypted in an attempt to steal other employee’s credentials. Which of the following technology is MOST likely in use on the company’s wireless?

  1. WPA with TKIP

  2. VPN over open wireless

  3. WEP128-PSK

  4. WPA2-Enterprise

Answer: C Explanation:

WEP#39;s major weakness is its use of static encryption keys. When you set up a router with a WEP encryption key, that one key is used by every device on your network to encrypt every packet that#39;s transmitted. But the fact that packets are encrypted doesn#39;t prevent them from being intercepted, and due to some esoteric technical flaws it#39;s entirely possible for an eavesdropper to intercept enough WEP-encrypted packets to eventually deduce what the key is.

This problem used to be something you could mitigate by periodically changing the WEP key (which is why routers generally allow you to store up to four keys). But few bother to do this because changing WEP keys is inconvenient and time-consuming because it has to be done not just on the router, but on every device that connects to it. As a result, most people just set up a single key and then continue using it ad infinitum.

Even worse, for those that do change the WEP key, new research and developments reinforce how even changing WEP keys frequently is no longer sufficient to protect a WLAN. The process of #39;cracking#39; a WEP key used to require that a malicious hacker intercept millions of packets plus spend a fair amount of time and computing power. Researchers in the computer science department of a German university recently demonstrated the capability to compromise a WEP-protected network very quickly. After spending less than a minute intercepting data (fewer than 100,000 packets in all) they were able to compromise a WEP key in just three seconds.

Question No: 555 – (Topic 3)

Ann, an employee, is cleaning out her desk and disposes of paperwork containing confidential customer information in a recycle bin without shredding it first. This is MOST likely to increase the risk of loss from which of the following attacks?

  1. Shoulder surfing

  2. Dumpster diving

  3. Tailgating

  4. Spoofing

Answer: B Explanation:

Dumpster diving is looking for treasure in someone else#39;s trash. (A dumpster is a large trash container.) In the world of information technology, dumpster diving is a technique used to retrieve information that could be used to carry out an attack on a computer network. Dumpster diving isn#39;t limited to searching through the trash for obvious treasures like access codes or passwords written down on sticky notes. Seemingly innocent information like a phone list, calendar, or organizational chart can be used to assist an attacker using social engineering techniques to gain access to the network. To prevent dumpster divers from learning anything valuable from your trash, experts recommend that your company establish a disposal policy where all paper, including print-outs, is shredded in a cross-cut shredder before being recycled, all storage media is erased, and all staff is educated about the danger of untracked trash.

Question No: 556 – (Topic 3)

Using a heuristic system to detect an anomaly in a computer’s baseline, a system administrator was able to detect an attack even though the company signature based IDS and antivirus did not detect it. Further analysis revealed that the attacker had downloaded an executable file onto the company PC from the USB port, and executed it to trigger a privilege escalation flaw.

Which of the following attacks has MOST likely occurred?

  1. Cookie stealing

  2. Zero-day

  3. Directory traversal

  4. XML injection

Answer: B

Explanation:

The vulnerability was unknown in that the IDS and antivirus did not detect it. This is zero day vulnerability.

A zero day vulnerability refers to a hole in software that is unknown to the vendor. This security hole is then exploited by hackers before the vendor becomes aware and hurries to fix it-this exploit is called a zero day attack. Uses of zero day attacks can include infiltrating malware, spyware or allowing unwanted access to user information. The term “zero day” refers to the unknown nature of the hole to those outside of the hackers, specifically, the developers. Once the vulnerability becomes known, a race begins for the developer, who must protect users.

Question No: 557 – (Topic 3)

Which of the following is described as an attack against an application using a malicious file?

  1. Client side attack

  2. Spam

  3. Impersonation attack

  4. Phishing attack

Answer: A Explanation:

In this question, a malicious file is used to attack an application. If the application is running on a client computer, this would be a client side attack. Attacking a service or application on a server would be a server side attack.

Client-side attacks target vulnerabilities in client applications interacting with a malicious data. The difference is the client is the one initiating the bad connection.

Client-side attacks are becoming more popular. This is because server side attacks are not as easy as they once were according to apache.org.

Attackers are finding success going after weaknesses in desktop applications such as browsers, media players, common office applications and e-mail clients.

To defend against client-side attacks keep-up the most current application patch levels, keep antivirus software updated and keep authorized software to a minimum.

Question No: 558 – (Topic 3)

Ann, the network administrator, has learned from the helpdesk that employees are accessing the wireless network without entering their domain credentials upon connection. Once the connection is made, they cannot reach any internal resources, while wired network connections operate smoothly. Which of the following is MOST likely occurring?

  1. A user has plugged in a personal access point at their desk to connect to the network wirelessly.

  2. The company is currently experiencing an attack on their internal DNS servers.

  3. The company’s WEP encryption has been compromised and WPA2 needs to be implemented instead.

  4. An attacker has installed an access point nearby in an attempt to capture company information.

Answer: D Explanation:

The question implies that users should be required to enter their domain credentials upon connection to the wireless network. The fact that they are connecting to a wireless network without being prompted for their domain credentials and they are unable to access network resources suggests they are connecting to a rogue wireless network.

A rogue access point is a wireless access point that has either been installed on a secure company network without explicit authorization from a local network administrator, or has been created to allow a hacker to conduct a man-in-the-middle attack. Rogue access points of the first kind can pose a security threat to large organizations with many employees, because anyone with access to the premises can install (maliciously or non- maliciously) an inexpensive wireless router that can potentially allow access to a secure network to unauthorized parties. Rogue access points of the second kind target networks that do not employ mutual authentication (client-server server-client) and may be used in conjunction with a rogue RADIUS server, depending on security configuration of the target network.

To prevent the installation of rogue access points, organizations can install wireless intrusion prevention systems to monitor the radio spectrum for unauthorized access points.

Question No: 559 – (Topic 3)

Which of the following attacks would cause all mobile devices to lose their association with corporate access points while the attack is underway?

  1. Wireless jamming

  2. Evil twin

  3. Rogue AP

  4. Packet sniffing

Answer: A Explanation:

When most people think of frequency jamming, what comes to mind are radio, radar and cell phone jamming. However, any communication that uses radio frequencies can be jammed by a strong radio signal in the same frequency. In this manner, Wi-Fi may be attacked with a network jamming attack, reducing signal quality until it becomes unusable or disconnects occur. With very similar methods, a focused and aimed signal can actually break access point hardware, as with equipment destruction attacks.

Question No: 560 – (Topic 3)

Which of the following would BEST deter an attacker trying to brute force 4-digit PIN numbers to access an account at a bank teller machine?

  1. Account expiration settings

  2. Complexity of PIN

  3. Account lockout settings

  4. PIN history requirements

Answer: C Explanation:

Account lockout settings determine the number of failed login attempts before the account gets locked and how long the account will be locked out for. For example, an account can be configured to lock if three incorrect passwords (or in this case PIN’s) are entered. The account can then be configured to automatically unlock after a period of time or stay locked until someone manually unlocks it.

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